Naples is the capital of the Italian region Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy, after Rome and Milan. As of 2014, around 989,845 people live within the city’s administrative limits. Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The city was refounded as Neápolis in the sixth century BC and became a key role in the merging of Greek culture into Roman society and eventually becoming a cultural centre of the Roman Republic.
Naples‘ historic city centre is the largest in Europe, covering 1,700 hectares (4,200 acres) and enclosing 27 centuries of history, and is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Naples has long been a major cultural centre with a global sphere of influence, particularly during the Renaissance and Enlightenment eras. In the immediate vicinity of Naples are numerous culturally and historically significant sites, including the Roman ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Culinarily, Naples is synonymous with pizza, which originated in the city.