Fuerteventura is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean and politically part of Spain. It is located 97 km (60 mi) away from the northwestern coast of Africa. The island was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 2009.
Fuerteventura’s capital is Puerto del Rosario, where the Insule Council is found, the government of the island. Fuerteventura has 119,732 inhabitants (as of 2020), the fourth largest population of the Canary Islands. At 1,660 square kilometres (640 sq mi), it is the second largest of the Canary Islands, after Tenerife. From a geological point of view, Fuerteventura is the oldest island in the archipelago.