Hamburg is the second-largest city of Germany and is generally taken to be commensurate to its state with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The official name reflects Hamburg’s history as in turn a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and becoming one of the 16 states of Germany.
On the river Elbe, Hamburg has Europe’s second-largest port yet has a wide corporate base. Hamburg remains an important financial centre, the seat of Germany’s oldest stock exchange and the world’s second oldest bank. Media and retail-related, logistical and industrial headquarters and facilities include multi-nationals.
The city is a tourist destination domestically and internationally. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2015.
Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutes. Its creative industries and cultural sites include the Elbphilharmonie and Laeisz concert halls, art venues, music producers, and artists. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli’s Reeperbahn is among the best-known European entertainment districts.