Rīga is the capital and the largest city of Latvia. With 641,000 inhabitants (2015), Riga is the largest city of the Baltic states and home to more than one third of Latvia’s population. The city lies on the Gulf of Riga, at the mouth of the Daugava. Riga’s territory now covers 307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi).
Riga was founded in 1201 and is a former Hanseatic League member. Riga’s historical centre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, noted for its Art Nouveau/Jugendstil architecture and 19th century wooden architecture. Riga was the European Capital of Culture during 2014, along with Umeå in Sweden. Riga is served by Riga International Airport (RIX), the largest airport in the Baltic states.